Sliven is a province in central
Bulgaria. Its main city is Sliven, while other municipalities
are Kotel, Nova Zagora, and Tvarditsa.
Sliven is situated at the
foot of the unique rock massif "Sinite Kamani" (The
Blue Rocks), very close to mineral springs. The town is famous
for its clean fresh air, clean water sources, mild winter
and cool summer.
Sliven is the only Bulgarian
town that has never changed its Slavonic name, though it is
one of the oldest settlements in Europe. Here lived Thracians,
Romans, Slavs, and Ancient Greeks. The first Roman settlement
on this place - Tuida ( The 3rd century BC) was a famous trade
centre. Sliven was mentioned as a big town for the first time
in 1153 by the Arab traveller Idrisi.
According to the 2001
census, 11.2% of the population are Roma, the highest percentage
of any Bulgarian province.
Nature Park Sinite
Kamani - The Blue Rocks
The 'Sinite Kamani' Nature Park is famous for its nature landmarks.
Halkata – the arc-shaped rock garland, possessing, according
to the legends, magic force - is one of the symbols of the
town of Sliven. The forms that the nature has sculptured in
the cave Zmeevi dupki – Zmejat, Orelat and Vladishkija
tron are amazing. The ancient beech forest in the vicinity
of the Kushbunar spring in the region of Karandila is quite
picturesque. The specific climate and lay conditions of the
nature park determine the great diversity of flora and fauna.
The plant species are more than 1000, about 900 of which are
representative of high species. The invertebrate animals are
represented by 235 species – eight species of fish,
nine species of amphibians, nineteen species of reptiles,
165 species of birds and 34 species of mammals. The lay is
of typical mountain type – steep and ravine slopes and
at sea level between 290 and 1181 meters above the sea level.
The north and northwest winds, the wind called bora, famous
also as the wind of the town of Sliven and the night breeze
are typical for the region. Through the park flow many rivers
and their beds form numerous shoots, pools and waterfalls.