Plovdiv is an oblast, or province, of central
Bulgaria, formerly part of Eastern Rumelia.
It includes parts of the Upper Thracian Plain, the
Rhodopes, Sredna Gora, the Sub-Balkan valleys and Stara Planina,
including its highest peak Botev (2, 376m). The main river
in the province are Maritsa, Stryama, Pyasachnik. There are
numerous dams, the most important of which is Pyasachnik.
Mineral springs are abundant, there are several major spa
resorts- Hisarya, Narechen, Banya and minor spas at Klisura,
Asenovgrad, Kuklen, Rosino, Krasnovo, Stoletovo and others.
There are many natural landmarks, especially in the Central
Balkan National Park, including the spectacular waterfall
Raysko Praskalo, the highest in the Balkans.
The economy of the province is of great importance. The agricultural
production is intensive and efficient with high levels of
irrigation. The major crops are fruit (apples, plums, pears,
cherries), grapes, melons and watermelons, vegetables (tomatoes,
peppers, carrots, cabbage, potatoes), wheat, rice, barley
and others. Industry is very well developed: ferrous metallurgy
near Plovdiv; thriving electronics industry in Plovdiv, Saedinenie,
Voivodinovo, Radinovo and other villages in the area; agricultural
machinery (tractors) in Karlovo, weapon and military plants
in Sopot, Karlovo, Plovdiv; chemical industry in Plovdiv,
Asenovgrad; food industry is developed almost everywhere,
most notably in Plovdiv and Asenovgrad (wines). Tourism is
a growing industry with the rich cultural heritage of the
province and the numerous mineral springs which are of international
The province's capital is the city of Plovdiv, other towns
include Karlovo, Sopot, Klisura, Kalofer, Hisarya, Saedinenie,
Rakovski, Brezovo, Stamboliyski, Krichim, Perushtitsa, Sadovo,
Parvomay, Asenovgrad, Laki, Katunica, Yiagodovo.
The region contains 18 municipalities: